Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of disorders that can involve brain and nervous system functions, including learning, hearing, seeing, movement, and thinking. It is caused when there is damage to the motor control centers in the brain. This can occur during pregnancy, during childbirth or after birth, up until the child is around three years old.
In children who have cerebral palsy, epilepsy, and cognitive impairments happen in roughly one-third of them. In many cases of children who have CP, there is often secondary musculoskeletal problems that come up, resulting from the underlying disorder.
What are the Types of Cerebral Palsy?
There are four main categories of cerebral palsy; spastic, ataxic, athetoid/dyskinetic and mixed.
- Spastic cerebral palsy- This is the most common type of cerebral palsy, and it occurs in about 80% of all cases. This type of CP causes children to be hypertonic (have extreme muscle tension) and they have a neuromuscular mobility impairment, caused by lesions in their central nervous system.
- Ataxic cerebral palsy- This is not a very common type of CP and it only occurs in about 10% of cases. This type of CP can be caused by damage to the cerebellum. Some children will experience tremors and have hypotonia and their motor skills may be affected.
- Athetoid/dyskinetic cerebral palsy- This type of CP causes children to have difficulties holding themselves in an upright and steady position when they sit or walk. They will also often times have involuntary motions. High bilirubin levels in a newborn that is not treated can cause brain damage which can lead to this type of CP.
Free Consultation with a Chicago Birth Injury Attorney
RB Law has vast experience with handling birth injury cases for babies who suffer from cerebral palsy. There are numerous complications at birth that can cause cerebral palsy, including oxygen deprivation, trauma caused by vacuum extraction or forceps, infection and cord compression. Your baby needs to be closely monitored during and after birth to ensure that these complications do not happen. If your baby has suffered from cerebral palsy and it was caused by medical negligence, you need to contact a proficient birth injury attorney right away to help you get the compensation you deserve.
If you have questions regarding your birth injury case, contact us today for a free consultation at (312) 458-1000, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.