In order to determine which type of treatment the baby will require, the baby will need to be diagnosed by a physician. It is important for parents to understand the pros and cons of any type of treatment they consider for their child.
Medications: There are many different types of medications that may be used to treat a birth injury, but not all birth injuries will require it. Medication may be prescribed if the child is suffering from pain, a cognitive disabilities, seizures, or for other reasons.
Surgical treatment: Not all injuries will require a surgery, but some injuries are so severe that a surgery may be necessary in order for the child to survive. Birth injuries that will usually require a surgery are:
- A fractured skull
- Brain hemorrhaging
- Severe cases of brachial plexus injuries, when other treatments were unsuccessful
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: There has been research and studies recently showing that hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) may be able to lessen symptoms associated with brain damage for infants who suffered oxygen deprivation during delivery. This treatment involves placing the baby in a hyperbaric chamber that is filled with 100% pure oxygen and the pressure is usually increased up to at least three times the normal amount of air pressure.
Physical Therapy: This is a common type of treatment for children who suffered from shoulder dystocia, brachial plexus injuries and cerebral palsy, since these types of birth injuries generally cause weakened muscles, lack of voluntary muscle control and lack of coordination. Physical therapy works to restore physical functions, decrease pain and help with muscle movement.
Occupational Therapy: This type of treatment can be effective for children with physical, cognitive and sensory disabilities. This can be beneficial for children with disorders and disabilities by:
- Assisting them with their learning disabilities
- Developing and improving their hand-eye coordination
- Developing their fine motor skills
- Developing positive behavior
- Improving their focus skills and social skills
- Teaching basic skill tasks
- Reducing outbursts and impulsiveness